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UN Secretary Basic speech at #COP26: “We all know what should be achieved” as negotiations centre on draft choice texts

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UN Secretary Basic setting the tone for the ultimate days of negotiations, arguing we’d like ambition within the COP26 choice textual content and within the CMA (Paris Settlement) Determination textual content.

The Draft choice textual content as of Friday morning nonetheless mentions coal and fossil fuels. The unique Paris Settlement doesn’t point out coal, oil or fuel, or fossil fuels even as soon as. Will it survive until the gavel comes down?

Veteran local weather journalist Ed King has summarised present standing, and he argues the draft textual content seems to take care of cheap ambition:

“The newest COP26 draft political textual content landed at 0713 (UK time), and seems considerably extra balanced with stronger components on adaptation, finance and loss & injury. The weather of the textual content geared toward dashing up motion to shut the hole in the direction of emissions objectives are there – with no radical adjustments from the earlier model and dates nonetheless intact. The language on coal has been certified however has survived the evening, which many predicted it would not.” 

  • Para 27: New UN work programme to scale up GHG cuts, reporting at COP27 in 2022
  • Para 28: ‘Urges’ [strong language] nations who haven’t landed new plans to take action by 2022
  • Para 29: Requests all nations to lift local weather targets consistent with 1.5-2C by and of 2022
  • Para 30: Commissions annual UN evaluation of local weather plans from 2022
  • Para 32: Urges [strong] nations to ship internet zero mid century plans by 2022
  • Para 36: Sign to nations to speed up shift off fossil fuels, coal to renewable power
  • Para 44: Notes “deep remorse” of developed nations for lacking $100bn goal 
  • Para 46: Urges nations’ to ‘absolutely ship on the $100 billion aim ‘urgently’ by means of 2025
  • Para 66: Welcomes additional operationalisation of the Santiago Community on Loss and Injury
  • Para 67: Decides [very strong] the Santiago Community may have a technical help facility to supply monetary help for technical help on loss and injury 

Remarks to International Local weather Motion Excessive-Degree Occasion, Glasgow, 11 November, 2021

António Guterres

Colleagues, pals,

This occasion – maybe like no different at COP 26 – underscores a core fact:  

The local weather motion wrestle requires all palms on deck.  

It’s everybody’s duty.  

And you’re displaying the way in which.

I’m impressed by the mobilization of civil society … by the ethical voice of younger folks conserving our toes to the hearth … by the dynamism and instance of indigenous communities … by the tireless engagement of girls’s teams … by the motion of increasingly cities around the globe … by a rising consciousness because the personal sector aligns steadiness sheets and funding choices round internet zero.  

I thank the Excessive-Degree Local weather Motion Champions, Gonzalo Muñoz and Nigel Topping and so many others to your efforts.

You’re certainly “racing to a greater world”.

Governments want to choose up the tempo and present the required ambition on mitigation, adaptation and finance in a balanced manner.  

We can’t accept the bottom frequent denominator.

We all know what should be achieved.

  

Retaining the 1.5 aim inside attain means decreasing emissions globally by 45 per cent by 2030. 

However the current set of Nationally Decided Contributions — even when absolutely carried out — will nonetheless improve emissions by 2030.

In keeping with the most recent joint evaluation of the Nationally Decided Contributions by UNEP and UNFCCC, we stay on a catastrophic temperature rise monitor properly above 2 levels Celsius. 

So net-zero pledges require speedy, sustained emissions cuts this decade. 

I welcome the popularity of this truth in yesterday’s US-China cooperation settlement — that I think about an essential step in the fitting route. 

However guarantees ring hole when the fossil fuels business nonetheless receives trillions in subsidies, as measured by the IMF.

Or when nations are nonetheless constructing coal vegetation.

Or when carbon remains to be with out a value – distorting markets and traders’ choices.

Each nation, each metropolis, each firm, each monetary establishment should radically, credibly and verifiably scale back their emissions and decarbonize their portfolios beginning now.

Expensive pals,

Whereas it’s removed from sufficient, we are able to take inventory of progress.

Final week, quite a few nations dedicated to working collectively to halt and reverse forest loss and land degradation by 2030. 

Right here too, we’d like significant, concrete motion and leads to the 2020s. 

Greater than 1,000 cities around the globe have dedicated to succeed in internet zero by 2050 or earlier — generally far earlier. Our host metropolis Glasgow, has set a 2030 deadline. 

The Internet-Zero Asset Homeowners Alliance – the gold normal for credible commitments and clear targets – is managing US $10 trillion in property and catalyzing change throughout industries.

I encourage the a lot bigger Glasgow Finance Alliance for Internet Zero to comply with the identical path.  

The worldwide coal pipeline has decreased by 76 per cent since 2015. 

The G20 — together with the three largest public financiers – have dedicated to ending abroad coal finance.

28 new members joined the Powering Previous Coal Alliance, elevating the membership to 165 nations, cities, areas and companies. 

And 44 nations and 32 corporations and areas have dedicated at COP26 to transition from coal to scrub energy.

This will probably be an unlimited job.  

That’s the reason I’ve been calling for the formation of coalitions of nations, worldwide monetary establishments and personal finance – in addition to renewable power corporations – to help this momentous shift and to arrange coalitions in help of particular nations that want to hurry up their power transition.

Some 30 Member States and regional improvement banks have pledged rapid help for the clear power transition in nations. 

I urge extra monetary establishments and traders to comply with swimsuit. 

I welcome the partnership that may enable South Africa to quickly decommission its coal vegetation whereas making certain that employees and communities are usually not left behind.

Indonesia and Viet Nam have pledged to phase-out coal by 2040. They may help. 

And we’d like related coalitions to ship resilient infrastructure and adaptation in nations on the entrance strains of the local weather disaster, from small island creating states to the least developed nations. 

Pals, colleagues,

The bulletins right here in Glasgow are encouraging – however they’re removed from sufficient.

The emissions hole stays a devastating menace.

The finance and adaptation hole signify a obvious injustice for the creating world.

We’d like much more ambition in future revised Nationally Decided Contributions.  

We’d like pledges to be carried out.  

We’d like commitments to show concrete.

We’d like actions to be verified.  

We have to bridge the deep and actual credibility hole.  

As an engineer, I do know that sturdy buildings want strong foundations.

We should have the ability to measure progress and to regulate when off monitor.

We now have a crucial mass of world commitments to net-zero, from each governments and non-state actors.

We should now zoom in on the standard and implementation of plans. On measuring and analyzing. On reporting, transparency and accountability.

That’s the reason – past the mechanisms already set out within the Paris Settlement – I’ve determined to ascertain a Excessive-Degree Skilled Group to suggest clear requirements to measure and analyze internet zero commitments from non-state actors.  

This Excessive-Degree Skilled group will construct on present work and submit a collection of suggestions to me through the course of subsequent 12 months.

They may work in a clear and inclusive method, and I invite you all to cooperate absolutely of their institution after which with them. 

We’d like motion if commitments are to go the credibility take a look at. 

We have to maintain one another accountable — governments, non-state actors and the civil society.

As a result of solely collectively can we hold 1.5 levels inside attain and the equitable and resilient world we’d like.

Thanks to your dedication and your dedication to this, that’s crucial battle of our lives.

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