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Transport Day at COP26: aviation, transport, EVs however do not point out biking, micro-mobility or public transport

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Wednesday 10 November was designated transport day on the UN Local weather convention COP26. After the power sector, the transport sector must be decarbonised. Decarbonisation of electrical energy grids will considerably contribute and help in lowering transport emissions.

The UK Authorities used their place as COP26 Presidency for 3 particular declarations, all areas that must be addressed. However on public transport, e-mobility, biking, and strolling infrastructure and alter in mobility behaviours little or no.

UN Secretary Basic on Sustainable Transport (14 October)

The UN Secretary Basic Antonio Guterres slammed the IMO for its gradual progress on transport emissions on the Second International Sustainable Transport convention on 14 October 2021:

“We should speed up the decarbonization of the whole transport sector.

“Let’s be sincere. Whereas member states have made some preliminary steps by the Worldwide Civil Aviation Group and the Worldwide Maritime Group to handle emissions from transport and aviation, present commitments are usually not aligned with the 1.5-degree aim of the Paris Settlement.

“Actually, they’re extra according to warming approach above 3 levels. 

“Adopting a brand new set of extra bold and credible targets which are really according to the objectives of the Paris Settlement should be an pressing precedence for each these our bodies within the months and years forward.

The priorities are clear:

  • Section out the manufacturing of inside combustion engine automobiles by 2035 for main manufacturing international locations, and by 2040 for creating international locations.
  • Zero emission ships should be the default alternative, and commercially accessible for all by 2030, in an effort to obtain zero emissions within the transport sector by 2050.
  • Firms should begin utilizing sustainable aviation fuels now, in an effort to lower carbon emissions per passenger by 65 per cent by 2050.
  • All stakeholders have a job to play, from people altering their journey habits, to companies reworking their carbon footprint.
  • Governments should incentivize clear transport choices, together with by requirements and taxation, and impose stricter regulation of infrastructure and procurement.

“In developed international locations, transport insurance policies that encourage biking and strolling in city areas, quite than driving brief distances, can contribute to progress throughout the SDGs: on local weather, well being, air pollution and extra.

“Sustainable railway techniques must be upgraded and expanded for medium and long-distance journey for folks and items, to extend effectivity and encourage shifts in behaviour.

“Second, we should shut entry and security gaps.

“This implies serving to multiple billion folks to entry paved roads, with designated house for pedestrians and bicycles, and offering handy public transit choices.

“It means offering protected circumstances for all on public transport by ending harassment and violence in opposition to girls and ladies, and lowering deaths and accidents from highway site visitors accidents.”

Biking and associated organisations have written an open letter: COP26: Authorities leaders should decide to boosting biking ranges to cut back carbon emissions and attain international local weather objectives shortly and successfully. We have now seen many cities already doing this, particularly in Europe, but in addition North America.

The declaration requires all governments and leaders at COP26 to:

  • Declare commitments to considerably enhance biking ranges at dwelling. This may be performed by:
  • Selling biking in all its types, together with biking tourism, sports activities biking, bike sharing, using to work or faculty and for exercising
  • Recognising biking as a local weather answer, establishing a transparent hyperlink between how a rise in bicycle journeys and a lower in personal automobile journeys cut back CO₂ emissions
  • Creating and financing nationwide biking methods and gathering knowledge on biking to know the place enhancements in infrastructure and utilization could be made
  • Focusing investments on constructing protected and high-quality biking infrastructure and in incentives for communities traditionally marginalised from biking
  • Offering direct incentives for folks and companies to change from cars to bicycles for extra of their each day journeys
  • Constructing synergies with public transport and foster mixed mobility options for a multimodal ecosystem able to overlaying all person wants with out counting on a personal automobile
  • Collectively decide to reaching a world goal of upper biking ranges. Extra biking in a handful of nations is not going to be sufficient to cut back international CO₂ emissions. All international locations should contribute, and these efforts should be tracked on the UN degree.

Local weather Dwelling information additionally pickup on this silence on public transport and energetic transport: As Cop26 car pledge underwhelms, delegates ask: where are the bikes?

COP26 declaration: zero emission vehicles and vans

The COP26 declaration on zero emission vehicles and vans is a landmark international settlement launched by the UK COP presidency to sign the top of polluting automobiles.

The declaration goals for all gross sales of latest vehicles and vans being zero emission globally by 2040, and by no later than 2035 in main markets

A. As governments, we are going to work in the direction of all gross sales of latest vehicles and vans being zero emission by 2040 or earlier, or by no later than 2035 in main markets.

B. As governments in rising markets and creating economies, we are going to work intensely in the direction of accelerated proliferation and adoption of zero emission automobiles. We name on all developed international locations to strengthen the collaboration and worldwide help provide to facilitate a world, equitable and simply transition.

C. As cities, states, and regional governments, we are going to work in the direction of changing our owned or leased automobile and van fleets to zero emission automobiles by 2035 on the newest, in addition to putting in insurance policies that may allow, speed up, or in any other case incentivise the transition to zero emission automobiles as quickly as doable, to the extent doable given our jurisdictional powers.

D. As automotive producers, we are going to work in the direction of reaching 100% zero emission new automobile and van gross sales in main markets by 2035 or earlier, supported by a enterprise technique that’s according to reaching this ambition, as we assist construct buyer demand.

E. As enterprise fleet homeowners and operators, or shared mobility platforms, we are going to work in the direction of 100% of our automobile and van fleets being zero emission automobiles by 2030, or earlier the place markets permit.

F. As buyers with vital shareholdings in automotive producers, we are going to help an accelerated transition to zero emission automobiles according to reaching 100% new automobile and van gross sales being zero emission in main markets by 2035. We are going to present proactive engagement and escalation of those points with investees, coupled with encouraging all our holdings to decarbonise their fleets according to science-based targets.

G. As monetary establishments, we verify our help for an accelerated transition to zero emission automobiles according to reaching 100% new automobile and van gross sales being zero emission in main markets by 2035, supported by making capital and monetary merchandise accessible to allow this transition for customers, companies, charging infrastructure and producers.

H. As different signatories, we help an accelerated transition to zero emission automobiles according to reaching 100% of latest automobile and van gross sales being zero emission in main markets by 2035.

Nearly as a footnote, different types of journey are included on this declaration:

We recognise that alongside the shift to zero emission automobiles, a sustainable future for highway transport would require wider system transformation, together with help for energetic journey, public and shared transport, in addition to addressing the complete worth chain impacts from automobile manufacturing, use and disposal.

 Signatories

A. Governments

Austria, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, El Salvador, Finland, Iceland, Eire, Israel, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Slovenia, Sweden, United Kingdom

B. Governments in rising markets and creating economies

Dominican Republic, Ghana, India, Kenya, Secretariat of Economic system, Mexico, Morocco, Paraguay, Rwanda, Turkey, Uruguay

C. Cities, states and regional governments

Akureyri, Ann Arbor, Atlanta, Australian Capital Territory, Barcelona, Bologna, Bristol, British Columbia, Buenos Aires, California, Catalonia, Catamarca Province, Charleston, Dallas, Florence, Gangwon Province, Jeju Province, La Paz, Lagos, Los Angeles, New York, New York Metropolis, Northern Eire, Quebec, Reykjavik, Rome, San Diego, San Francisco, Santa Monica, Sao Paolo, Scotland, Seattle, Sejong Metropolis, Seoul Metropolitan Authorities, Authorities of Sikkim, South Chungcheong Province, Ulsan Metropolitan Metropolis, Victoria, Wales, Washington (state)
NSW has additionally signed in accordance with this SMH report

D. Automotive producers

Avera Electrical Automobiles, BYD Auto, Etrio Cars Personal Restricted, Ford Motor Firm, Gayam Motor Works, Basic Motors, Jaguar Land Rover, Mercedes-Benz, MOBI, Quantum Motors, Volvo Automobiles

COP 26: Clydebank Declaration for inexperienced transport corridors

States will help the institution of inexperienced transport corridors globally underneath the Clydebank Declaration launched at COP26. The central tenets of the Declaration are:

  • help the institution of inexperienced transport corridors – zero-emission maritime routes between 2 (or extra) ports.
  • help the institution of a minimum of 6 inexperienced corridors by the center of this decade
  • aspiration to see many extra corridors in operation by 2030
  • facilitate the institution of partnerships, with participation from ports, operators and others alongside the worth chain, to speed up the decarbonisation of the transport sector and its gasoline provide by inexperienced transport hall initiatives

Signatories: Australia, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Denmark, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Republic of Eire, Italy, Japan, Republic of the Marshall Islands, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, The UK of Nice Britain and Northern Eire, America of America

Pressing want to start out decarbonising transport

Newest analysis on urgent need to reduce shipping emissions by Simon Bullock, James Mason &Alice Larkin of the Tyndall Centre for Local weather analysis, revealed 27 October within the Local weather Coverage journal, reveals the hole between current IMO actions and what’s required to satisfy Paris Settlement targets for transport.

The declaration did not name on larger ambition in transport.

Delivery emissions are globally equal to a mid sized developed nation corresponding to Germany.

Due to lengthy ship life lead instances, we will not afford to attend.

The article concludes that considerably stronger short- and longer-term targets must be set for the sector to be suitable with the Paris Settlement’s objectives: 34% reductions on 2008 emissions ranges by 2030, and nil emissions earlier than 2050, in contrast with the sector’s present goal of a 50% lower in CO2 by 2050. Crucially, strengthening the goal by the IMO’s technique revision date of 2023 is crucial. The lengthy asset lifetimes of ships and transport infrastructure restrict the velocity of transition such {that a} delay of even just a few years will dictate an untenable price of decarbonization and elevated threat of pushing the already difficult Paris objectives out of attain.

A decade of no progress at @IMO_HQ  in reducing transport emissions means the one possible pathway remaining is the inexperienced one – with linear reductions to zero from 2023.

Key coverage insights

  • There’s a hole between targets set out within the IMO’s Preliminary Technique and what’s wanted by the transport sector to be Paris-compliant.
  • Paris-compliant targets require a 34% discount in emissions by 2030, with zero emissions earlier than 2050. Current targets suggest no absolute discount in emissions to 2030, and solely a 50% discount by 2050.
  • The longer the delay in setting new targets, the steeper subsequent decarbonization trajectories grow to be. Delay past 2023 would necessitate an untenably fast transition, given lengthy transport asset lifetimes and international necessities for brand new land-side infrastructures, rising the mitigation burden on different sectors.

COP26 in November 2021 is a chance for the transport sector to sign its intent to strengthen its targets, and to implement this in its 2023 technique revision course of, on the newest.

COP 26 declaration: Worldwide Aviation Local weather Ambition Coalition

Nations decide to bold motion on worldwide aviation emissions, together with by a brand new international aim and promotion of cleaner fuels and applied sciences.

There was a lot criticism of this declaration, that it fails to convey the ambition obligatory for addressing aviation emissions and local weather affect. Learn the critiques at Weblog: Civil aviation High Ambition emissions reduction at COP26? yeah nah just more greenwashing, blah, blah , blah – back to you ICAO

Keep Grounded has a Petition to the UN local weather conference, the Worldwide Civil Aviation Organisation, the EU Fee, EU Parliament, and nationwide governments: to Stop Greenwashing — Reduce Air Traffic Now!

Signatories to the declaration included: Burkina Faso, Canada, Costa Rica, Finland, France, Eire, Japan, Kenya, Maldives, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Republic of Korea, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States of America.

References:

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