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Australia the captain of the villians? The Fossil Fueled 5 – Evaluating Rhetoric with Actuality on Fossil Gas Manufacturing at #COP26

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Launch of the Fossil Fueled 5 Report at Panda Hub at COP26

A brand new report investigates the position of 5 western developed nations, their present local weather plans and their present fossil gasoline growth plans.

The Fossil Fueled Five report comes at a crucial time as there may be gowing dialogue at UN Local weather conferences and usually locally that fossil gasoline manufacturing must be reigned in as demonstrated by the current Production Gap Report, and the UN Surroundings Program Emissions Gap Report.
This report was produced by the College of Sussex and carried out in cooperation with the Fossil Fuel Non-Proliferation Treaty Initiative and key regional companions in every of the 5 nations – Uplift (UK), Oil Change Worldwide (USA), Greenpeace (Norway), The Australia Institute (Australia) and Stand.earth (Canada).

Watch the launch (beneath) which options Canadian environmental activist Tzeporah Berman, Freddie Daley from the College of Sussex, Tessa Khan, Lawyer, Founder & Director, Uplift UK, Colin Rees with Oil Change Worldwide, a younger FoE Norway activist, and Richie Merzian from the Australia Institute.

Introducing the session Canadian activist Tzeporah Berman stated, “For these of us which were at many COP conferences over time we all know that local weather coverage and local weather agreements are difficult, however what is easy is that 86 % of the emissions which are trapped in our environment at the moment come from three merchandise: oil, fuel and coal.”

“There isn’t a pathway to 1.5 diploma Celsius with out addressing fossil gasoline manufacturing head on.” stated Ms Berman.

“I actually love the identify of this report. It appears like a crew of villians.” stated Richie Merzian. “We now have to beat the Fossil Gas 5, and I feel Australia could be the captain of the villians, as a result of it’s unrepentant.”

” Whereas the opposite nations on this Fossil 5 report are placing ahead extra ambitiuos 2030 targets, Australia is refusing to take action. As a result of it will know that it could not open as many fossil gasoline initiatives because it needed to if it did so. Presently there are 100 new fossil gasoline initiatives within the pipeline: over 70 coal mines, 30 fuel initiatives. In the event that they had been all openned as much as their full utility that’s about 1.7 billion tonnes of Greenhouse fuel emissions, thats thrice Australia’s annual emissions, about 200 coal fired energy stations.”

“So Australia desires to promote as a lot fossil fuels as doable. That’s the place we’re ranging from.”

The report  analysed current authorities bulletins and the most recent knowledge on fossil gasoline manufacturing discovered that:

  • There may be an alarming hole between what the Fossil Fuelled 5 are pledging to do to scale back their home emissions and their plans to broaden fossil gasoline manufacturing, undermining efforts to curtail world emissions and ignoring their accountability to part out fossil fuels, quickly and justly. 
  • Coal, oil and fuel manufacturing should fall globally by 69%, 31% and 28% respectively between now and 2030 to maintain the 1.5ºC goal alive. Nonetheless, the projections recommend that the Fossil Fuelled 5 will scale back coal manufacturing by solely 30%, and really enhance oil and fuel manufacturing by 33% and 27%, respectively. As rich nations, the Fossil Fuelled 5 must be main this transition away from fossil fuels. 
  • Regardless of their internet zero targets and local weather pledges these 5 nations alone have supplied over $150 billion in public assist for the fossil gasoline manufacturing and consumption through the COVID-19 pandemic. This stage of assist to fossil gasoline manufacturing is greater than your complete G7 put in the direction of clear power as a part of the pandemic restoration ($147 billion).

The report reveals that a number of of the world’s wealthiest nations “are doubling down on fossil gasoline manufacturing” which can “have disastrous impacts for all life on our planet, however particularly these communities within the World South who’ve performed the least to create this disaster and have the fewest sources to adapt to its impacts.” 

Lead creator Freddie Daley, Analysis Affiliate on the College of Sussex, stated in an announcement: 

“There’s an alarming hole between what rich nations are saying and what they’re doing. You’ll anticipate these 5 nations to supply the management wanted to maneuver the worldwide economic system away from fossil fuels and scale back emissions to zero. Nonetheless, they appear to be fairly content material to make pledges and guarantees with one hand, whereas increasing and subsidising fossil gasoline manufacturing to the tune of billions on the opposite. 

“Not solely are these rich nations jeopardising their very own futures and the futures of their residents by means of this continued growth, however they’re condemning communities within the world south to a state of perpetual disaster which they did nothing to create. If these nations need to be local weather pioneers, it’s time they addressed the elephant within the room: fossil fuels.”

 Tzeporah Berman, Chair of the Fossil Gas Non-Proliferation Treaty stated: 

“Canada claims to be a local weather chief but its emissions have continued to rise since signing the Paris Settlement. This isn’t shocking given the unwillingness of political leaders to handle the most important supply of emissions – oil and fuel. Whereas vital steps have been taken corresponding to placing a worth on carbon nationally, the Canadian authorities subsidizes the sector greater than some other G20 nation. The Fossil Fuelled 5 report highlights why Canada is standing in the way in which of binding agreements for a wind down of oil, fuel and coal at COP26.”

Tessa Khan, Founding father of Uplift UK stated:

“The UK authorities has invested so much in making an attempt to steer folks that it’s taking motion to sort out the local weather disaster, however whereas it’s nonetheless opening up new oil and fuel fields we are able to low cost most of it as scorching air. We all know that there can’t be any fossil gasoline developments if we would like a habitable local weather and but the UK authorities desires to open 30 new oil and fuel fields within the North Sea, beginning with Cambo. And all of the whereas subsiding fossil gasoline firms to the tune of billions. Actions matter not phrases. Simply cease speaking, Prime Minister and as a substitute, cease Cambo.”

Collin Rees, U.S. Program Supervisor, Oil Change Worldwide, stated: 

“America is the poster youngster for local weather hypocrisy — the world’s largest historic emitter claiming the mantle of local weather management whereas pouring gasoline on the fireplace of the local weather disaster. Joe Biden’s phrases will ring hole till he cancels lethal fossil gasoline growth initiatives just like the Dakota Entry Pipeline or the handfuls of proposed oil and fuel export terminals awaiting approval from his administration. This new report makes it clear the U.S. stays an enormous driver of oil and fuel growth, and that will not change till our leaders decide to a managed phase-out of fossil gasoline extraction that really protects communities, employees, and the local weather.”

Frode Pleym, Govt Director of Greenpeace Norway, stated:

“Using fossil fuels is the primary motive we’re presently dealing with a local weather emergency. But, the wealthiest nations with the best capability to quickly transition away from fossil fuels, preserve permitting and even subsidising the event of latest oil, fuel and coal. It’s time for the leaders of nations corresponding to Norway to come back collectively and prepared the ground out of local weather chaos as soon as and for all.” 

Richie Merizan, Local weather & Power Program Director at Unbiased Suppose-Tank, the  Australia Institute, stated:

“Not solely is the Morrison Authorities unrepentant about Australia’s fossil fuels manufacturing and export plans by means of to 2050 and past, it’s overtly boasting about these plans right here at Glasgow. PM Morrison’s Internet Zero goal does nothing to cease fossil gasoline growth, and goes as far as to explicitly construct their continued use into its plan to scale back emissions. Whereas the world strikes ahead in phasing out fossil fuels – a key goal of this COP, the Morrison Authorities is intent on driving Australia backwards. Australia is a rich nation and is within the field seat to be main the renewable power transition.”

Nation-specific evaluation from the Report:

United States: The US has pledged to halve emissions by 2030 but have concurrently supplied $20 billion in annual assist to the fossil gasoline trade. 

United Kingdom: Regardless of internet hosting COP26, the UK is predicted to inexperienced gentle the Cambo oil area, which incorporates roughly 255 million barrels of oil.

Canada is trying to enhance their worth on carbon but additionally supplied roughly $17 billion in public finance to a few fossil gasoline pipelines between 2018 and 2020.

Norway has raised their ambition to lower emissions however has already granted 60+ new licenses for fossil gasoline manufacturing and entry to 84 new exploration zones in 2021 alone.

Australia: Regardless of their current dedication to internet zero by 2050, Australia has over 100 fossil gasoline initiatives presently within the approval pipeline. 

Report Suggestions

The UK, United States, Canada, Norway and Australia with their wealth, historic accountability and restricted dependence on fossil gasoline manufacturing must be the primary to ramp up ambition and take a number one position in winding down fossil gasoline manufacturing says the report. 

These rich nations can finish the period of fossil fuels by:

  • Halting the licensing for additional exploration and extraction of fossil fuels.
  • Committing to a timeline for home phase-out of fossil fuels consistent with 1.5°C, noting that rich nations can and may transfer first and may due to this fact exceed the typical charges recognized within the Manufacturing Hole Report of phasing out coal, oil and fuel on common by 11%, 4% and three% annually.
  • Ending the assist for fossil gasoline manufacturing by means of subsidies, tax aid and different mechanisms of presidency assist.
  • Becoming a member of the Past Oil & Fuel Alliance (BOGA) to work with different formidable governments to finish fossil gasoline manufacturing and fund a simply transition for employees.
  • Performing as first movers as a part of the Fossil Gas Non-Proliferation Treaty.
  • Redirecting the huge monetary assist presently supplied to fossil gasoline industries in the direction of serving to growing nations shift away from a reliance on fossil gasoline manufacturing and consumption. If we’re to forestall the worst impacts of the local weather disaster from changing into a actuality, we should handle the basis of our collective downside: fossil fuels.

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