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Australia ranked final on local weather coverage in a worldwide record of 64 international locations within the Local weather Change Efficiency Index at COP26

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Local weather Change Efficiency Index score for 2022

One other space the place Australia is a real laggard is local weather coverage. 

The Climate Change Performance Index rated 64 nations on greenhouse fuel emissions, renewables, vitality use and local weather coverage. Australia was listed manner down the underside on greenhouse fuel emissions, renewables, vitality use and really final (sixty fourth) on local weather coverage. 

We ranked 58th total.

As a part of the Paris Settlement, states are urged to submit new up to date targets to shut the hole between NDCs agreed to in Paris and the 1.5°C, or no less than well-below 2°C, restrict, specializing in the 2030 targets. On the finish of October 2021, 114 international locations and the EU had submitted their new NDCs, overlaying practically 61% of worldwide emissions. 

The Local weather Motion Tracker (CAT) analysed the brand new targets of 36 international locations and concluded that 18 international locations and the EU submitted stronger targets (together with Argentina, Canada, Japan, Morocco, Norway, and the UK), whereas 9 international locations had not elevated their ambition (together with Australia, Brazil, Mexico, Russia, and Switzerland).

Moreover, China, South Korea, and Nigeria introduced stronger NDC targets, whereas India’s authorities additionally introduced a brand new stronger NDC at COP26 in Glasgow. The NDC Synthesis Report printed by UN Local weather Change on the finish of September concluded that the up to date NDCs are an vital step for combating local weather change, however there may be nonetheless a large ambition hole in the best way of enough discount of GHG emissions.  The newest addition of the NDC Synthesis Report confirms the ambition hole and the necessity, particularly for the G20 international locations, to lift their targets.

The report highlights constructive developments together with:

  • Monetary market more and more makes use of the Paris Settlement and 1.5°C as key standards for investments.
  • Civil society voices are rising. eg Fridays for Future, frontline communities and Indigenous individuals, are rising and preventing for local weather justice.
  • Local weather Litigation – The Paris Settlement is a powerful place to begin for a worldwide wave of litigation instances in opposition to governments and firms, superior, for instance, by cities, affected individuals, civil society, and youth organisations. 
  • New enterprise fashions apply, and they’re pushing financial motion. Web zero-oriented enterprise fashions and applied sciences can probably create financial worth and scale back prices in addition to dangers.

Learn extra on the CCPI Weblog on Hope for Change – How civil society, litigation, and new business models can accelerate the transformation

Here’s what the Australia nation profile says:

Australia slips 4 locations to 58 th on this yr’s CCPI, trailing many developed economies.

The nation receives scores of very low for its efficiency in each CCPI class: GHG Emissions, Renewable Power, Power Use, and Local weather Coverage.

Australia’s federal local weather insurance policies are primarily based on its Expertise Funding Roadmap (TIR), geared toward supporting applied sciences meant to assist scale back emissions by 2040, but with continuation of fossil fuel-based vitality consumption. In October 2021, the federal government confirmed its long-term emissions discount plan aiming for internet zero by 2050. No new insurance policies and plans had been introduced to associate with this announcement. The CCPI nationwide consultants regard the TIR as inadequate for decarbonising the economic system, lowering the usage of fossil fuels, selling renewable vitality, and setting out how nationwide GHG emissions can be decreased (with a score of very low for Local weather Coverage).

The federal government doesn’t have any insurance policies on phasing out coal or fuel, however CCUS and hydrogen are being promoted as low emissions applied sciences. Although the renewables electrical energy is rising, the consultants imagine that Australia has did not reap the benefits of its potential, and different international locations have outpaced it. This failure to advertise renewables (resulting in a low score for the Share of Renewable Power in Power Use indicator), is exacerbated by insufficient infrastructure funding, regardless of subsidies for fossil gas manufacturing and promotion of a ‘gas-led’ financial restoration following COVID-19. 

Regardless of public assist for a internet zero goal, there may be at the moment no nationwide plan for transitioning to renewable vitality (a backdrop for the very low score for the Nationwide Local weather Coverage indicator), with the coverage uncertainty undermining funding and inflicting vitality provide considerations.

The nation’s lack of home ambition and motion has made its strategy to the worldwide stage. The consultants describe that the nation’s worldwide standing has been broken by local weather denialism by politicians, refusal to extend ambition, and refusal to recommit to worldwide inexperienced finance mechanisms (accompanying a really low score for the Worldwide Local weather Coverage indicator). Australia has fallen behind its allies and its inaction even attracted public criticism within the run-up to COP26.

 

CCPI total score desk

Watch the press convention on 7 November 2021 on youtube launching the report:

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